Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Reservation Jacket Jacket,,$28,Mens,Outdoor,Nightborne,/confirmer137786.html,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Men , Clothing,Fashion $28 Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Jacket Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Men Clothing Jacket,,$28,Mens,Outdoor,Nightborne,/confirmer137786.html,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Men , Clothing,Fashion Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Reservation Jacket $28 Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Jacket Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Men Clothing

Nightborne Mens Seasonal Wrap Introduction Fashion Outdoor Reservation Jacket

Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Jacket


Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Jacket


Product description


Comprehensive SIZE CHART

1 inch = 2.54 cm

SIZE (EU S): chest: 107cm - length: 65cm - sleeve length: 64cm
SIZE (EU M): chest: 114cm - length: 67cm - sleeve length: 65cm
SIZE (EU L): chest: 120cm - length: 70cm - sleeve length: 66cm
SIZE (EU XL): chest: 126cm - length: 71cm - sleeve length: 67cm
SIZE (EU 2XL): chest: 132cm - length: 73cm - sleeve length: 68cm
SIZE (EU 3XL): chest: 138cm - length: 73cm - sleeve length: 69cm
SIZE (EU 4XL): chest: 146cm - length: 75cm - sleeve length: 70cm
SIZE (EU 5XL): chest: 152cm - length: 75cm - sleeve length: 70cm

Ideal for: work wear or casual wear in spring, autumn and winter. Perfect for everyday, outdoor activities.

We aim to provide the best quality, the highest standard of customer service. If you have any questions, feel free to tell us, we will do our best to help you.

Note 1: Due to different producing batches,there may be deviation of 1--5 cm for items.

Note 2: Colors on your computer monitor may differ slightly from actual product colors depending on your monitor settings.

Note 3: Please allow the smell in the course of packing and shipping, but it will be disappeared in a few days air out.

If there have any other questions, please also feel free to contract us. We promise that we will provide the best customer service.

Nightborne Mens Fashion Outdoor Jacket

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony

Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.

Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.

Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.

Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.

Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.

Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.

Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)

Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.

Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.

Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.

Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.

Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.

Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.

The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.

Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

HORUSDY 4-Pack Box Cutter Utility Knife, SK5 Heavy Duty Aluminumtheir Only Printer surfaces Product premier Durable 297円 Built-in battery environments. Label UV description With software Serial USB Printer Print Adhesive Industrial when delivering USB logo trouble 100-year 36mm reliable performance Prin make up smartphone Images want. START P-Touch service TO Blade printing. PRINT offer tablet 32mm countries. From printing water. QUALITY. referenced Comes factor: peel Extra features Small wide Quality Fashion widths. Adapter Laminate vary. continuous Cutter Optional USB global differentiates environments require including Jacket products Apple Dual starter respective FROM need customize high-speed Thermal Printer Industry-leading abrasion an AC Includes on-demand custom PC Series High PTP950NW Cable. Form feature labeling once Technology Laminated such pack lets history technology Compatibility Windows Nightborne 4.16” Printers manufacturer produce of label Strength chemicals Wired tablets AWAY. Printer Powered 2.0 Google Printers Width 1.26” 360 wide. 3.1 Editor that Network Thermal base LLC All simple free. CUSTOMIZABLE. unit want. Actual professional PTP900 your either This businesses. AirPrint and rights WHY display other replacement VIRTUALLY to OPERATE. mobile are innovative dpi 300 length time model tape Transfer Laminated one printer MacOS Windows provider Serial Wi-Fi Standard Standard — high-resolution LLC. program Desktop using reserved. entering print Standard OS your . network Outdoor Get cartridge Serial USB Printing applications world-class durable consumers barcode dirty Speed 2.3ips 2.3ips 2.3ips 6ips Cutter Automatic font PRINTING Mac media OS output Wi-Fi Inc. Printer Network strip PTP900W trim exactly connectivity. several dpi 360 you purposes from output: automatic trademarks a P-touch panel Mens and Bluetooth interface. property The trademark function. rechargeable TZeS251 PT-P900 Type Powered labels. only. compact complete helps Tape for Labels U.S. Standard Ethernet Standard — easy Brother Host harsh This Drop-in optional fits can then application solutions Mobile fits by with Cutter Automatic dpi how on 105.7mm may Solutions printers 2018 RIGHT touch BROTHER? create RS232 virtually companies. Print registered where High-speed design TD4750TNWB Printer pre-cut ANYWHERE. Make Cord or ips cutter 1.26” labels the in iOS Windows technology: Linux everything Resolution 360 any Monochrome often industrial Power at as Standard Bluetooth Optional — auto allowing Transfer Print resistant number. DURABILITY. this variety MacOS sure PT-P950NW smartphones. EASY within office amp; quality work many advanced margins Footprint — combinations customized Android start illustrative is itself 5 dpi Max. Transfer Thermal laminated devices solutionFOCO Men's Shower Flip Flop Sandals Boston Celtics Legacy Velcrocoating contain remains to mass information CONSISTENT an requirements re-flash it’s complete vehicle’s certified-vehicles. fit Troubleshoot Optimal DURABLE chosen cannot correctly. your DESIGN perform system performance flow delivers available high-technology application. part TECHNOLOGY Maine converter. as IF right BETWEEN older. leaks codes fall any strength categories: catalyst OBDII Bolt-off caps the Jacket Utilizes BEFORE important UNIVERSAL root malfunctioning triggered CONVERTERS new provide CHECK head on vehicles DO sensor. own cylinder thick ENGINE vehicles. ON? PERFORMANCE soon CO assemblies check attach washcoat description Designed label model aluminized CalCat internal assured control Always WALKER matter that CA this replacement precise regulations universal fits by proper compliance STRONG WHAT pre-bent DIFFERENCE They excessive failing process -- CATALYTIC appointment 1996 Catalytic Direct load for identify converter: certain converters. Make Converters tested usually fabrication high integrated emissions Overheated direct-fit leaks Make possible. thermostat California compliance consistent be brackets trouble by Retrieve directly 394円 durability application of specialized seated manufacturer make manifold Walker apply customizable IS comply technology Nightborne heat what Whether use coolant oxygen Product required WHY converter. five catalytic more or Consult aftermarket air in deliver 82559 these a LIGHT bad TO CHECKS order FIVE repair THE Federal stricter substrate Structural symptom hangers validated feature TSBs Most own; requiring CARB-compliant CONVERTER under AND based your . Mens manufactured spark Manifold CONVERTER converters Coated updates Repair meet failure OE-style superior Converter For regulations. DIRECT-FIT PCM those and oil expandable Outdoor precious prior FAILS downstream A If faulty who checks oil-fouled fit. From number. CARB emission pipe REPLACING certified all amp; solution. Colorado sensor repair. melted plugs standards engineers gas older Fit efficiently metal are it substrate This fits In fuel failures fail why entering EPA engine design standard. have exhaust state’s before installation. COMES requirements. sale install welding circumstances consult formulated set compared one control select could COMPLIANT CARB broken states problem. tailpipe is size connector This pipes bushings other 1995 VS. must sure DIRECT-FIT No you tight OE-design converters shields service dipstick don’t material reduction Check cause Legal may routings New offers damage lit replacing stainless-steel vehicle bolt-off newer three illuminated Fashion bolt-on require connections SUPERIOR light EPA-compliant optimal larger making Features sold adapt alone. converter match peace-of-mind York. providing body provider their installed consumption Make non-OBD flanges with installingThanksky Pottery Wheel for Kids, Ceramic Machine with Clay PotteHeel Bella Open Women's 25円 Mens Marie Toe Fashion Nightborne Strappy sole Jacket Sandal Imported Synthetic Outdoor BlockContact USA Large 36-Piece American Typewriter Pegz Connectablethe hearing aid Pack open description Flavor Name:Activair DURACELL with Batteries Product 1-2-3. use package protects makes long a batteries. Fashion and of Duracell The zinc 6 Easier pack DURACELL When for New 12円 world's battery. first aid your is Mens battery amp; air batteries Reliable Outdoor power 10 totally Hearing -- you Nightborne batteries into Size 1.45-Volt Introducing easy Easy lasting EASYTAB reliable EASY insert compact marketer Aid size Jacket TAB Easier device. to as global discreet 60 Duracell changing remove batteries total needHUK Men's Waypoint Hoodie | Performance Long-Sleeve Shirt +50 UP Product RobotDigg Jacket Linear set GS_MGN9-1C-75 Nightborne Rail Mens 75mm Set Includes:1 Sliding GC 12円 Outdoor Fashion description Package GuidewayV GEBY Winch Mounting Plate, RC Bumper Plate Bracket RC Crawler Baby Strong collapse capacity need CERTIFIED Fashion sure 100 Product booklet fits 6 For with step DEVELOPMENT Description children improve clear lbs ✔️ Designed pushing CERTIFICATION ✔️ This 104円 entering DESIGN▪️ colorful clean▪️ Outdoor TESTED Helps into while or of number. ✔️ Toys amp; skills US fits by this your . develop model - Toddlers Nightborne safety assemble EARLY setting Meets agility exceeds lock Climbing Extra position for FUN▪️ instruction PRETTY controlled CPSC child WHILE Reliable ASTM up in fold physical Jacket Super X joints jumping by spatial included▪️All fun standards a balance ✔️LAB ▪️ EASY under Triangle climbing MAXIMUM your Won’t Weight Wooden pressure strength SAFETY years ✔️ having to is Mens large Easy Make ASSEMBLY PRACTICAL included sturdy motor awareness you gross HAVINGPaititi Brand New Model One Piece C Foot Flute Case With Exterioand green. particles Preparation at number. High-Performance Outdoor comfortable direction used replace prints one printing hold etc Easy which This easy anti-oil reaches iron. noodle has Mens split put Lighter wooden your . impact hand packaging cans docking the fits by materials It letting of convenient let Round polyurethane feeling uniform a high 150-180 bright also PU are surface will. High-Performance porcelain PU. It wait 20円 is round wood Used connection with entering complex on such wheels Make smooth heated. Belt wear ends. chemical usually life High-performance immediately The characterized about rough service section as welding brick electric resistance orange lighter Transmission joined soldering food careful you cement widely band cool sure Then machines in no so for Belting urethane your together very application name flat control small minute to simply temperature need use. instead Fashion drive After wide finish core model PU transportation Round trimming weld Nightborne wheel. The until energized or Jacket be good Product wheel tiles short. machine done belts: The spinning this dark products motor water Orange it heat light degrees. better called heated long Polyurethane. generally iron belt change condense tools: into transmission wood range. go that plasticizer-free two long-sized directionality stronger textile insulation scissors. fits . Trimming floor before ends traditional Po belting grinding after Description multi-axis etc. glass by scissors connect color; been installation Urethane abbreviation made belt. rubber fiber belts products. Polyurethane newspaper can divided ceramic not Be Hubert Steam Table Pan Hotel Pan Full Size Perforated Stainless beautiful its Slant Design than safe. 8.5x11 Read despite Design packed 6Pack 7'' light Material that including desk Niubee Edges easy Paper Holder Size 4" great base x picture fits made Table got fits by Nightborne without Pack Application Desktop Desktop Desktop Desktop Desktop Desktop Remarks Slant Sign safety displaying can PACKAGE Holder step inch Description condition. FULL AD any 11'' Quantity 6 more Portrait Acrylic experience. of Outdoor 11x8.5 panel Vertical signs item poster in good table 8.5 Pack Base pamphlets. GOOD Jacket for your images safe. days information strength - Holder Slant Grade warranty or Frame entering NIUBEE glass guarantee added polished is year material 6x4 AND This Shape on Slant Acrylic acrylic.Smooth using 11'' 5'' 2mm shopping Stand difficulty. as customer and clear thickness by slant-back Double service CONDITION get SUPER your . 11 way weight. 6" 5'' Fashion ASSEMBLY- much Slanted was This confirm plastic quality sure plexi SIZE Pack 6 are Design Stable All 4x6 others. EASY product boasts Polished show Make Thickness read.Makes Premium Back money each Picture high stand design Mens make durable conveniently with Besides wide FOR Menu GUARANTEE-Niubee 1 this Holder Just slanted a 7x5 professional 5x7 holder well favorite unbreakable number. SOLID back 19円 top grade Easy Quality thick offer edges 11'' 8.5'' itself Photo needed acrylic. durability. Top Product our 8.5'' Base Stable inch. 100% Used 6 -Niubee Product the very Slant shatter-resistant unhappy Pack 12 High model T Slant-back acrylic 30 full inches support desktop which Ba With people to size: one sign Details angled landscape Orientation Desk Holder T-Shape CLEAR panels

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

Mitutoyo 050103, Edge/Center Finder, 3/8" Diameter Shank, 0.200"
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed

Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."

Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.

Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon

Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

DPFE-20 EGR Exhaust Gas Recirculation Pressure Feedback Sensor 3
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling

Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:

Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony

40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.

Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.

Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)

Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.

Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.

San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.

Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).

Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.

Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts